Home » Article » Padre Pio: on spirituality, Vatican II and the Novus Ordo Missae

Padre Pio: on spirituality, Vatican II and the Novus Ordo Missae

By Fr. Jean, OFMcap and printed originally in the May 1999 issue of The Angelus magazine.

Padre Pio (May 25, 1887 – September 23, 1968) was beatified on May 2, 1999, by Pope John Paul II. He is the only priest known to have received the full stigmata. He never celebrated the Novus Ordo Missae.

The final year of this dying, decaying century will see the beatification of Padre Pio, the holy monk whom God sent as a sign for our age. For, while everyone wants to make us believe in a new “charismatic” Church, strangely we do not find there any wonderworking saints like the ones we meet throughout the Church’s history starting with Pentecost. Padre Pio seems to close the procession of their number, doing so magnificently, being the only priest to have borne the stigmata of our Lord Jesus Christ.

Much has been written about Padre Pio — more than 600 works, it seems — and the authors always stress the extraordinary side of his life: not only his particular charisms (reading souls, healing, raising people from the dead, bilocating, ecstasies, exuding perfume, prophesying, etc.), but also the incredible sufferings which he endured from his earliest childhood, the persecutions undergone from some churchmen and even brothers in religion, as well as his two great charitable works: the founding of the House of Suffering, and prayer groups.

In short, they present him to us as a “saint” more to be admired than imitated, so that, ultimately, we miss the most interesting lessons to be learned from this life, and the practical applications that could transform our own. We shall try, therefore, however imperfectly, to set forth a few of these lessons, hoping that we shall all be able to profit from them, and that the Padre, from high heaven, will himself succor us, as he has promised to all those who would like to become his “spiritual children.”

At the dawn of this life totally sacrificed to God and to souls, there is to be found a pious, poor and numerous family, where the abnegation of each member softens and transforms the harsh realities of daily life. Here we see confirmed the saying of Bishop de Segur that it is in families where the spirit of sacrifice is lacking that vocations are most at risk. Baptized the day after his birth —  a grace for which he was grateful all his life — Padre Pio was christened Francesco, presage of his Franciscan vocation, which was to be discovered on the occasion of a visit from a Capuchin monk begging food for the convent. Even so, his vocation was not decided without struggle:

I felt two forces clashing within me, tearing my heart: the world wanted me for itself, and God called me to a new life.  It would be impossible to describe this martyrdom. The mere memory of the battle that took place within me freezes the very blood in my veins…

He was not yet 16 years old when he entered the novitiate. Above the door of the cloister, as a welcome, he read the sign: “Do penance or perish.” The daily rule of life included very many prayers, enough work, and little reading, being restricted especially to the study of the Rule and the Constitutions.

Brother Pio made himself conspicuous by the abundance of the tears he shed during the morning period of mental prayer, which in Capuchin houses is consecrated to the meditation of the Passion; tears so abundant that it was necessary to spread a towel in front of him on the floor of the choir. As with St. Francis, it was to this loving and compassionate contemplation of Jesus crucified that he was to owe the grace to receive later on the painful stigmata in his body. Even so, as he confided to his spiritual director, Fr. Agostino: “In comparison to what I suffer in my flesh, the spiritual combats that I endure are much worse.”

Atoning for sinners: interior trials

It would seem that God expects the just to expiate in a special way, by means of temptation, the public sins of their contemporaries. At a time when psychoanalysis, with its knack for explaining away guilt and sin, was gaining sway, Padre Pio — like the little Theresa — had to undergo an almost unbearable crisis of scruples, which tormented him for three long years. Then after the storm came the night, a night of the soul which lasted for dozens of years, with only occasional glimmers of light:

I live in a perpetual night… I find myself troubled by everything, and I do not know if I act well or ill. I can see that it is not a scruple: but the doubt I feel about whether or not I am pleasing the Lord crushes me. And this anxiety recurs to me everywhere: at the altar, in the confessional, everywhere!

It is with the thought of his mystical experiences in mind that his maxims should be meditated:

Love is more beautiful in the company of fear, because it is in this way that it becomes stronger.

The more one loves God, the less one feels it!

St. Theresa of the Child Jesus opposed to the proud rationalism of her day the little way of spiritual childhood, but she also expiated it by terrible temptations against faith. Her cry, “I will believe!” is well known. Padre Pio also experience violent and prolonged temptations against faith, as his letters to Fr. Agostino testify:

Blasphemies cross my mind incessantly, and even more so false ideas, ideas of infidelity and unbelief. I feel my soul transfixed at every instant of my life, it kills me… My faith is upheld only by a constant effort of my will against every kind of human persuasion. My faith is only the fruit of the continual efforts that I exact of myself. And all of this, Father, is not something that happens a few times a day, but it is continuous… Father, how difficult it is to believe!

What precious lessons for us, should we, for example, be surprised at finding ourselves tempted to such a degree.

Spiritual director

Padre Pio overcame these terrible trials by following what had been taught him in the novitiate: perseverance in prayer, mortification of the senses, unshakable fidelity to the demands of one’s duty of state, and, finally, perfect obedience to the priest in charge of his soul. His painfully acquired experience allowed him to draw to himself souls desirous of perfection, and to be demanding.

To the souls he directed, he gave a five-point rule: weekly confession, daily communion and spiritual reading, examination of conscience each evening and mental prayer twice a day. As for the recitation of the rosary, it is so necessary it goes without saying….

Confession is the soul’s bath. You must go at least once a week. I do not want souls to stay away from confession more than a week. Even a clean and unoccupied room gathers dust; return after a week and you will see that it needs dusting again!

To those who declare themselves unworthy to receive holy Communion, he answers:

It is quite true, we are not worthy of such a gift. However, to approach the Blessed Sacrament in a state of mortal sin is one thing, and to be unworthy, quite another. All of us are unworthy, but it is He who invites us. It is He who desires it. Let us humble ourselves and receive Him with a heart contrite and full of love.

To another, who told him that the daily examination of conscience seemed useless, since his conscience showed him clearly at each action whether it was good or bad, he replied:

That is true enough. But every experienced merchant in this world not only keeps track throughout the day of whether he has lost or gained on each sale. In the evening, he does the bookkeeping for the day to determine what he should do on the morrow. It follows that it is indispensable to make a rigorous examination of conscience, brief but lucid, every night.

The harm that comes to souls from the lack of reading holy books makes me shudder… What power spiritual reading has to lead to a change of course, and to make even worldly people enter into the way of perfection.

When Padre Pio was condemned to not exercise any ministry, he spent his free time, not in reading newspapers — “the Devil’s gospel” — but in reading books of doctrine, history and spirituality. Despite this, he would still say: “One looks for God in books, but finds Him in prayer.”

His counsels for mental prayer are simple:

If you do not succeed in meditating well, do not give up doing your duty. If the distractions are numerous, do not be discouraged; do the meditation of patience, and you will still profit. Decide upon the length of your meditation, and do not leave your place before finishing, even if you have to be crucified… Why do you worry so much because you do not know how to meditate as you would like? Meditation is a means to attaining God, but it is not a goal in itself. Meditation aims at the love of God and neighbor. Love God with all your soul without reserve, and love your neighbor as yourself, and you will have accomplished half of your meditation.

The same holds for assisting at the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass: it is more concerned with making acts (of contrition, faith, love…) than with intellectual reflections or considerations. To someone asking whether it is necessary to follow the Mass in a missal, Padre Pio answered that only the priest needs a missal. According to him, the best way to attend the Holy Sacrifice is by uniting oneself to the Virgin of Sorrows at the foot of the cross, in compassion and love. It is only in paradise, he assures his interlocutor, that we will learn of all the benefits that we received by assisting at holy Mass.

Padre Pio, who was so affable and pleasant in his relations with people, could become severe and inflexible when the honor of God was at stake, especially in church.

The whispering of the faithful would be authoritatively cut off by the Father, who would openly glare at anyone who failed to maintain a prayerful posture… If someone remained standing, even if it was because there were no places left in the pews, he would peremptorily invite him to kneel in order to participate worthily in the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass.

Not even an inattentive choirboy would be spared: “My child, if you want to go to hell, you don’t need my signature.”

The post-war fashions fell under the same censure:

Padre Pio, seated in his open confessional, all year round would ascertain that the women and girls who confessed to him were wearing skirts not too short. He would even cause tears to be shed when someone who had been waiting in line for hours would be turned away because of an offending hemline… Then some kind souls would step forward and offer help. In a corner, they would unsew the hem, or else lend the penitent a coat. Finally, sometimes the Father would allow the humiliated penitent to go to confession.

One day his spiritual director reproached him for his harsh conduct. He replied: “I could obey you, but each time it is Jesus who tells me how I am to deal with people.” His severe manner, then, was inspired from above, uniquely for the honor of God and the salvation of souls.

Women who satisfy their vanity in their dress can never put on the life of Jesus Christ; moreover they even lose the ornaments of their soul as soon as this idol enters into their heart.

And let no one reproach him for lack of charity:

I beg you not to criticize me by invoking charity, because the greatest charity is to deliver souls held fast by Satan in order to win them over to Christ.

Padre Pio and the Novus Ordo Missae

He was a model of respect and submission towards his religious and ecclesiastical superiors, especially during the time when he was persecuted. Nonetheless, he could not remain silent over a deviation that was baneful to the Church. Even before the end of the Council, in February 1965, someone announced to him that soon he would have to celebrate the Mass according to a new rite, ad experimentum, in the vernacular, which had been devised by a conciliar liturgical commission in order to respond to the aspirations of modern man. Immediately, even before seeing the text, he wrote to Paul VI to ask him to be dispensed from the liturgical experiment, and to be able to continue to celebrate the Mass of St. Pius V. When Cardinal Bacci came to see him in order to bring the authorization, Padre Pio let a complaint escape in the presence of the Pope’s messenger: “For pity sake, end the Council quickly.”

The same year, during the conciliar euphoria that was promising a new springtime to the Church, he confided to one of his spiritual sons: “In this time of darkness, let us pray. Let us do penance for the elect“; and especially for the one who has to be their shepherd here below: All his life, he immolated himself for the reigning pope, whose photograph was among the rare images that decorated his cell.

Renewal of religious life?

There are other scenes from his life that are full of meaning, for example, his reactions to the aggiornamento the religious orders concocted in the wake of Vatican II. (The citations here are taken from a book bearing an imprimatur):

In 1966, the Father General [of the Franciscans] came to Rome prior to the special Chapter on the Constitutions in order to ask Padre Pio for his prayers and benedictions. He met Padre Pio in the cloister. “Padre, I came to recommend to your prayers the special chapter for the new Constitutions…” He had scarcely gotten the words “special Chapter“…”new Constitutions” out of his mouth when Padre Pio made a violent gesture and cried out: “That is all nothing but destructive nonsense.” “But Padre, after all, there is the younger generation to take into account… the youth evolve after their own fashion… there are new demands…”  “The only thing missing is mind and heart, that’s all, understanding and love.” Then he proceeded to his cell, did a half-turn, and pointed his finger, saying: “We must not denature ourselves, we must not denature ourselves!  At the Lord’s judgment, St. Francis will not recognize us as his sons!

A year later, the same scene was repeated for the aggiornamento of the Capuchins:

One day, some confreres were discussing with the Father Definiteur General [The counselor or adviser to the general or provincial of a religious order —Ed.] the problems in the Order, when Padre Pio, taking a shocked attitude, cried out, with a distant look in his eye: “What in the world are you up to in Rome? What are you scheming? You even want to change the Rule of St. Francis!” The Definiteur replied: “Padre, changes are being proposed because the youth don’t want to have anything to do with the tonsure, the habit, bare feet….

Chase them out! Chase them out! What can you be saying? Is it they who are doing St. Francis a favor by taking the habit and following his way of life, or rather, isn’t it St. Francis who is offering them a great gift?

If we consider that Padre Pio was a veritable alter Christus, that his entire person, body and soul, was as perfectly conformed as possible to that of Jesus Christ, his stark refusal to accept the Novus Ordo and the aggiornamentoshould be for us a lesson to learn. It is also noteworthy that the good Lord desired to recall His faithful servant just before they were implacably imposed on the Church and the Capuchin Order. Noteworthy, too, is the fact that Katarina Tangari, one of Padre Pio’s most privileged spiritual daughters, so admirably supported the priests [of the SSPX] of Econe until her death, one year after the episcopal consecrations of 1988. [as was Don Francesco Putti, founder of the Disciples of the Cenacle and the international publication,SiSiNoNo].

Final lesson: Fatima

Padre Pio was even less obliging towards the prevailing social and political order, or rather, disorder (in 1966): “the confusion of ideas and the reign of thieves.” He prophesied that the Communists would come to power, “by surprise, without firing a shot… It will happen overnight.”

This should not surprise us, since the requests of our Lady of Fatima have not been listened to. He even told Bishop Piccinelli, that the red flag will fly over the Vatican, “but that will pass.” Here again, his conclusion rejoins that of the Queen of Prophets: “But in the end, my Immaculate Heart will triumph.” The means by which this prophesy will come to pass, we know: by the divine power; but it must be prompted by the two great powers in man’s hands: prayer and penance. This is the lesson which our Lady wanted to remind us of at the beginning of this century: God wants to save the world by devotion to the Immaculate Heart of Mary, and there is no problem, material or spiritual, national or international, that cannot be solved by the holy rosary and our sacrifices.

This is also the last lesson that Padre Pio wanted to leave us by his example, and especially by his “prayer groups,” which he established throughout the world. “He was never without a rosary, there was even one under his pillow. During the day he recited several dozens of rosaries.” A few hours before he died, as those around him urged him to speak a few more words, all he could say was: “Love the Blessed Virgin and make her loved. Always say the rosary!

The imminent elevation of Venerable Padre Pio is certainly going to arouse in many souls both curiosity and admiration. We could take advantage of the opportunity to remind them of these few lessons, if indeed we know how to put them into practice ourselves, in the merciful love of the Most Holy Hearts of Jesus and Mary.

Translation by Angelus Press of an article that appeared in the Letter to the Friends of St. Francis, publication of the Capuchin Fathers of St. Francis Monastery, Morgon, France, a traditional community which supports the work of Archbishop Lefebvre.

About these ads

8 Comments

  1. Steve Brown says:

    Quite a contrast to “Who am I to judge?”

  2. Rob says:

    What an extra ordinary set of statements by such a high ranking cardinal of the RCC. On the face of it, it may seem to Catholics to present a view that would be entirely welcomed by non-Catholics. His statement about the priesthood of all believers, errors in Catholic tradition and the inhumanity of the pre VII church would find much agreement in Protestantism.

    But it’s not that straightforward with regards to Tradition it is not Tradition that any thinking Christian should object to. Biblical consideration makes it clear that, that the world Christ faced had both good and vain traditions and the apostles taught us to abide in the traditions they handed on. As Catholics are now considering which Pope spoke or presently speaks truth others deliberate over ‘some’ of the traditions of the RCC “i.e. are they all truly apostolic”. The inhumanity of the pre VII RCC was previously exercised towards those who questioned established RCC tradition and authorities and currently many traditional Catholics now question high ranking authorities whom they label Neo Catholics. It seems it does get rather difficult for Roman Catholics of all persuasions to maintain the existence of an infallible Papacy and teaching magisterium, given their current circumstances.

    With regard to the priesthood of all believers this does not in itself imply democracy or the absence of certain charisms imparting authority. Where Anabaptists and Non-Catholic Charismatics would differ with the RCC is the process by which authority is obtained and how to recognise it, while also holding a non-hierarchical view of authority. For Anabaptists and Non-Catholic Charismatics the marks of such authority would be those of saintly holy lives and perhaps also evidenced by clear miracles.

    However all these concerns covering the historic debate between Catholicism and Protestantism are not the mattes that I think are most concerning about the Cardinals statements. Many other statements undermine the basic truths of the Gospel. The claim that Christ did not preach Himself was simply nonsense (but also taught by liberal Protestant theologians) and his directive to the church obviously opposed to the practice of Paul who determined as the core of his message “to preach nothing other than Christ and Him crucified”. Over such matters I am entirely in agreement with the concerns of the commentator on the Cardinals speeches.

    It leads one to wonder whether there are forces in the RCC that are primarily pragmatic in their concern to gain and keep power and influence in the modern world as oppose to propagating “our common salvation” – Jude and “contending earnestly for the faith which was once for all delivered to the saints” – Jude. His views would seem to allow for an ecumenism that would admit those who denied this faith. Certain Evangelicals speculate on a reunion of a form of Catholicism and Protestantism under the authority of a Roman Pontiff. However maintaining that it will actually be a manifestation of Babylon. It is only recently I have understood that some Catholics have the same concerns.

    The future hope of the church must surely be it’s emergence as one evidently saturated with the Holy Spirit and revealing Christ to the world. Christ promises of the abiding and teaching presence of the Holy Spirit and that “the gates of hell will not prevail” are the source of our collective security in Him.

    • I assume you are speaking of Cardinal Maradiaga in the Remnant article I linked to in the above reply to Steve.

      Catholics have always had rebellion and rejection in its ranks and even (with Arianism) times when the entire Church seemed to teeter on the edge of total destruction. So what we see today in the Post Vatican II Church is much like the Arian Crisis. The only instruction that is worthwhile for the average Catholic that has any training or education in the traditions and dogmatic definitions that the Church defined – is this knowledge: for during a crisis that has elevated itself up to the highest ranks of the Church, where truths are twisted and distorted and taught to the people, these ‘teachers’ cannot be relied upon to keep one safe from error. That is the situation that Modernism has placed us; and not only the Catholic Church but all of Christianity is feeling the shift of the Church toward the ways of the world. It is only that the Catholic Faithful do have the teachings of the Saints and the Church and traditions both small t and large T to avail themselves of. If we ignore that help then there is only our hope that God will forgive us for our ignorance and our blind belief that what once was forbidden is now embraced and what once was sin is no longer sin. That is the foolishness we see everywhere in the world at this moment. What was up is now down; what was good before is now evil.

      The Church will survive; but as Pope Ratzinger reminds us, it does not say how large that Church will be that prevails; it can be a small remnant Church after all.

      • Rob says:

        Yes I was speaking of Cardinal Maradiaga in the Remnant article of which I read both parts.

        So our debate boils down to which remnant is the true remnant of Apostolic Christianity and how we each interpret the history and development of Christianity plays a large part in the formation of our conclusions.

        I have only just found your site so am catching up on your post and just now really enjoyed listening to Dr. Peter Kreeft’s conversion to Catholicism from Protestantism. He made some interesting points with which I am in full agreement on the misunderstanding of the faith / works division between RC / Protestant Christians.

        There is also what is termed ‘The New Perspective’ which also addresses this matter and similarly demolishes such misunderstanding in this area. Have you heard of this or read about the writing of Bishop (Anglican) N. T Wright on the issue?

        • Which remnant church is the true remnant of Apostolic Christianity . . .

          I would guess that a Protestant’s way of deciding would be different from a Catholics; as we will judge according to its adherence to tradition and defined teaching. For a protestant I suppose it will depend on the particular denomination that is assessing such and their interpretations of Biblical passages.

          Whichever, it is pretty apparent that the ways of the world has penetrated all of Christianity and that the faith of our fathers is being changed before our eyes.

          I know of N.T. Wright but have read only those passages that people have blogged in some of the posts on AATW.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 109 other followers

%d bloggers like this: